B-Vitamins actually exist as a family of B vitamins:
Riboflavin (vitamin B2) is crucial in the production of body energy. It is a cofactor for
an enzyme called glutathione reductase, which helps maintain glutathione, a major
protector against free radical damage. Vitamin B2 itself also has antioxidant qualities.
Thus riboflavin is pivotal both in the inner breathing of our cells where energy is
produced and also in the quenching of the toxic exhausts of that inner, energy producing
cell respiration. Riboflavin is water soluble and so is not stored in significant
quantities in the body. It must be replaced continuously through diet or supplementation
to avoid deficiency. The most common cause of riboflavin deficiency is an unbalanced diet.
The elderly may be at risk for deficiency due to sub-optimal intake. Riboflavin deficiency
is common in alcoholics, as well. People who indulge in a lot of physical exercise may
need extra riboflavin, particularly women.
Riboflavin deficiency mainly affects skin and mucous membranes. Symptoms include cracks in
the corners of the mouth, cracks on the lips, reddening of the tongue associated with a
burning sensation and eczema of the face and genitals. When there is a deficiency of
riboflavin there is usually a lack of the other B vitamins as well.
Vitamin B3, also called Niacin, Niacinamide, or Nicotinic Acid, is an essential nutrient
required by all humans for the proper metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins, as
well as for the production of hydrochloric acid for digestion. B3 also supports proper
blood circulation, healthy skin, and aids in the functioning of the central nervous
system. Niacin also has a role in supporting the higher functions of the brain and
cognition. Lastly, adequate levels of B3 are vital for the proper synthesis of insulin,
and the sex hormones such as estrogen, testosterone, and progesterone.
The most important function of vitamin B5 is as an essential component in the
production of coenzyme A, a vital catalyst that is required for the conversion of
carbohydrates, fats, and protein into energy. Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5) is also
referred to as an anti-stress vitamin due to its vital role in the formation of various
adrenal hormones, steroids, and cortisone, as well as contributing to the production of
important brain neuro-transmitters such as acetylcholine. In addition to helping to fight
depression vitamin B5 also supports the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract
and is required for the production of cholesterol, bile, vitamin D, red blood cells, and
B-6 is recommended for support of the female cycle and nervous system. It
also is important for skin integrity. And has a role in metabolizing homocysteine
and therefore supports the health of the heart.
Experts agree that the essential nutrient Vitamin B-12 supports energy and memory,
appetite (when needed) and digestion. It is an absolute must for the maintenance of a
healthy nervous system and is considered by many to play an important role as an
anti-aging nutrient. Many of the functions of vitamin B-12, such as building blood cells,
promoting DNA synthesis, naturally interfering with inflammation and strengthening the
immune system are fundamental to a healthy body. Thousands of doctors have given Vitamin
B-12 to help people cope with stress and exhaustion to name only a few.
Symmetry Products with Vitamin B: